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Every child grows and learns in his or her own way.  Use this guide to see what your child can do.

If your child cannot do several of the things listed for his or her age group, you may want more information.

If you suspect your child may have a special need and your child is newborn to age three, contact the Cambria County BH/ID/EI Program at 1-800-273-7310 to make a referral.

If your child is age three or older, contact Appalachia Intermediate Unit 08 at 1-800-228-7900.

6 months

  • Roll from stomach to back
  • Reach for a toy
  • Transfer a toy from one hand to the other hand
    • Make sounds for specific reasons (hungry, wet, etc.)
  • Hold head erect
  • Play peek-a-boo
  • Play with toes
  • Pat own image in mirror
  • Put everything into mouth
  • Follow toys when moved in front of eyes
  • Support weight when held in standing position

1 year

  • Sit without support
  • Crawl on hands and knees
  • Understand the meaning of “No” and “Bye Bye”
  • Feed self cookies or crackers (may not be neat)
  • Imitate sounds made by others
  • Uncover a hidden toy
  • Wave bye-bye
  • Look at pictures
  • Bang two objects together

2 years

  • Follow 2-step directions (Get your coat and put it on.)
  • Name 3 body parts
  • Ask simple questions. (Why?)
  • Sort and match toys
  • Play make-believe
  • Take turns with guidance
  • Wash and dry hands
  • Screw and unscrew toys, lids, and knobs
  • Jump with both feet off the ground

3 years

  • Go up steps, one foot for each step
  • Run easily
  • Unwrap candy
  • Name common objects
  • Speak in three-word sentences, “I/Me go home.”
  • Help adults by putting away toys and clothes when asked
  • Pull off sock when asked
  • Turn pages one at a time
  • Listen to a short story for five minutes
  • Jump off a low step with both feet
  • Imitate simple household chores (sweep, dust, etc.)

4 years

  • Walk up steps, one foot for each step
  • Open door by turning knob
  • Tell stories
  • Ask what and why questions
  • Dress self
  • Feed self well
  • Wash face and hands
  • Enjoy other children
  • Build a tower of six to eight blocks
  • Draw a circle
  • Match some objects and colors

5 years

  • Hop on one foot
  • March and dance to music
  • Recognize shapes (circle, square and triangle)
  • Speak clearly and be understood by others not in the family
  • Catch a large ball
  • Button and zipper own clothing
  • Name and identify three colors
  • Draw a square, circle and cross
  • Repeat songs or fingerplays
  • Count to three



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